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Details about  INDIA 5 RUPEES 150 YEARS OF KUKA MOVEMENT 1857-2007 1 UNC COIN FOR SALE

INDIA 5 RUPEES 150 YEARS OF KUKA MOVEMENT 1857-2007 1 UNC COIN FOR SALE

MINIMUM BILLING AMOUNT 100 RUPEES IN THIS SHOP

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VIJAYAWADA, ANDHRA PRADESH, India
 
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 INDIA 5 RUPEES
150 YEARS OF KUKA MOVEMENT
1857-2007
1 UNC COIN
RARE COIN
GOOD CONDITON COIN
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T.GIRI DHARA PRASAD--092472-44740 VIJAYAWADA
giri43550@yahoo.com


 What is kuka movement ?

Satguru Ram Singh ji" & Kuka Movement the First war of Independence.

It is a matter of great honour and pleasure that the nation is celebrating 150, year of Kuka Movement the first war of independence with all pomp & show. Sri Satguru Ram Singh Ji master planned the India s freedom movement and waged a war of independence against the British Rulers on 12w April 1857. He was the pioneer to use the Non-Cooperation and Swadeshi as a weapon to liberate the country from the yokes of foreign rulers. He asked the Indians to boycott British sponsored educational institutions, courts, services, postal and even transport system. He ordered his followers not to wear foreign made cloth and used foreign goods. He asked the people to use khadi and other Indian made goods in their day to day life. He conceptualized the doctrine of " Be Indian, Buy Indian & Remain Indian". He established panchaya6 raj for administration, used religious and common places for education, set up own postal system, developed diplomatic relations with the native states as well as with neighboring countries like Russia, Nepal & Afghanistan. He encouraged cottage industry for the upliftment of poor. In other words, Sri Satguru Ram Singh Ji set up a parallel Govt in the 2nd half of 19th century.

Sri Satguru Ram Singh Ji launched a movement for social reforms also. He asked the people not to kill the girl child infancy. He advocated equal rights for women in the society, in education and social life. He introduced the concept of dowry-less inter-caste mass-marriage system in June 1863.

He had such a magnificent personality that in short span of time lacs of people flocked to him and all of them became fully aware of their serfdom and bondage. His followers called Namdhari Sikhs understood the divide & rule policy of the
Britishers and revolted against them. Namdhari Sikhs challenged the British crown and made unparallel sacrifices for the freedom of the country. Ten of them werehanged to deata, 66 of them were blown off with the cannons, and hundreds of them were put behind the jails, drowned in the seawatcr, exiled and treated like criminals. Sri Satguru Ram Singh Ji was arrested and exiled in 1872. All the prominent subas were arrested and put in jails in India and abroad in 1872. Namdhari Sect was declared a sect of sediators. But none of the Namdhari Sikhs bowed before the Britishcrown. They continuously fought the war of independence for 90 vears i.e. from 1857 to 1917.

The contributions and sacrifices of Namdhari Sikhs in the war of independence have been recorded under the head "Kuka Movement" in the political annals of Indian History.

The Nation is celebrating 150 year of this historic "Kuka Movement" and Punjab Govt is celebrating it on state level. Various functions has been organized on historic days relating to the Kuka Movement. All the leaders from political, social & religious organizations have participated in these functions to pay rich tributes to the great heroes of Kuka Movement.

But the ministries at Central Level are divided on the issue whether Kuka Movement was a war of independence or it was a religious movement. Mrs. Ambika Soni stated in the Rajya Sabha that Kuka Movement has included in the list of events of war of independence and birthday of Sri Satguru Ram Singh (Basant Panchmi) and Generally it is said that: -

The Kuka Movement started by Sri Satguru Ram Singh Ji was a religious movement or it was just a movement for social reforms onlv. The Namdhari Sikhs were orthodox in the matter of cow killings. They were punished by the British Govt. because they attacked butcher houses and murdered the butchers for which they were executed/ blown off with cannons or put behind the jails.

It is a historic fact that Sri Satguru Ram Singh Ji was the master planner of India s freedom movement. He was the pioneer to use Non Cooperation and Swadeshi as a tool to liberate the country. These facts has been acknowledged by the freedom fighters like Shaheed Bhagat Singh, Jawahar i.al Nehru, Subash Chander Bose and Dr. Rajinder Prasad etc.

 

background
Under British rule the ban on killing of cows and the sale of beef in the Punjab was lifted. Slaughter houses opened in most cities and towns including in the pious city of Amritsar. This was a direct challenge by the British regime to the dignity and religious sentiments of the Hindus and Sikhs. Rifts and quarrels between Hindus and Muslims took place. Local protests against the opening of slaughter houses in Amristar feel on deaf ears in the Government.


For the sake of independence of India and to preserve sanctity of Sri Harmandir Sahib Amritsar, four Namdhari Sikhs : Sant Lehna Singh, Sant Beehla Singh, Sant Fateh Singh and Sant Hakam Singh were hanged to death openly by the British Government on 15th September 1871 at Ram Bagh Amritsar to terrorise the masses and banish the Kuka Movement.


The Shaheedi Bohr (tree) in Ram Bhag, Amritsar




Desecration of the holy sarowar
The slaughter house in Amritsar opened near the clock tower, adjacent to the boundary wall of the Golden Temple. Desecration of the holy sarowar (tank) around the Golden temple took place when pieces of bone and flesh picked up by vultures and kites from the slaughter house and thrown into the waters. 
While visiting the Golden Temple , a batch of namdhari sikhs witnessed this desecration and immediately decided to attack the slaughter houses and free the cows. The operation was headed by Lehna Singh of Amritsar.






PRAYERS WERE OFFERED
A 'Hom' ceremony with recitations from 'Chandi Path' was most solemnly gone through in the house of Lehna Singh, at which prayers were offered for the success of the enterprise. On the night of the 15th June, an attack was made on the butchers in the slaughter house. Four men were killed outright and three others were badly wounded. The Sikhs freed all the cows. The local authorities were taken completely unawares. The weather conditions being unfavorable tracking the namdhari Sikhs was not possible. In Bhaini Sahaib Satguru Ram Singh Ji learned the happenings in Amritsar from the real attackers. Satguru Ji immediately directed the Sikhs to surrender so the innocent may not be hanged.

The authorities learnt about the attack and the murder of the butchers and deputed Mr Christie to apprehend those who were responsible for it. He used all his third degree methods to rope in many of the innocent citizens of Amritsar. Heera Singh, Ahya and Jai Ram were tortured and mode to confess that they had actually committed the crime. All of them were made approvers, and 12 other citizens, namely Sant Rom, Rom Kishon, Manno Singh, Jawato Singh, Pannaji, Mula, Nihal Singh, Mayya, Sunder Singh, Bhup Singh/ Teka Singh and Shoba were sent to the Sessions. Actually none of these was responsible for the murders, but still all of them were committed to the Sessions on 25th July, 1871 by Mr. Christie.

When the real culprits came forward to confess their crime, Mr. Christie reported to the authorities that he had been put on the wrong track by an informer Hira Singh, who had come forward to confess the guilt. He also intimated to the Government that Jai Ram, a respectable broker of the city had admitted that he had instigated these men to commit this crime. But the real fact was that this Police Officer had got these men and other citizens of Amritsar to confess the crime which they had never committed.

One factor greatly helped the disclosure of this case. When Guru Ram Singh came to know that the lives of Innocent people were endangered for the murders committed by the Kukas, he directed those Kukas to go and surrender themselves to the authorities so that innocent people may not be hanged. Thus the trial of the namdhari Sikhs started. Five Sikhs were sentenced to death and the remaining two for exile.

KUKAS EMBRACED DEATH
The news of death sentence on the four Kukas spread in the streets of Amritsar in the most electrical manner. There was praise and appreciation for their bravery on everybody's lips. The public was deeply impressed by the way these Kukas had confessed - their guilt and saved others from the gallows. From the day of judgment to the day of hanging, these Kukas were allowed to visit the Mar Mandir, as well as prepare their own food. 15th September, 1871 was the day and Ram Bagh in Amritsar the place of dating with death.

On that fine morning, the four Kukas bathed in The Holy Tank; the 'prashad' was prepared and distributed. What a beautiful scene it was! The patriots, intoxicated with love, were starting off to kiss the gallows. Chanting holy songs and performing 'Kirtan' the party moved towards the hanging ground. The large assembly of onlookers was amazed. Were These Sikhs for hanging ? The crowd thickened. Before death, they demanded two things: Firstly, they should not be hanged with leather strings and Secondly they would themselves put the hanging ropes in their own necks. Both the wishes were granted. After saying their final prayers, the four Kukas embraced death amidst slogans of Sat-Sri-Akal!

It was in such circumstances that Beehla Singh, Fateh Singh, Hakim Singh and Lehna Singh were hanged. They went to the gallows singing sacred verses, without any trace of fear and repentance on their faces. They seemed to feel they had performed a duty towards their faith. Constable Lal Singh Sepahi, Lehna Singh (s/o Bullacka Singh) were exiled to Andaman and Nicobar islands. Sant Jhanda Singh was hanged after one year. Ahya Singh, Hira Singh and Jai Ram were also sentenced to terms of imprisonment for giving wrong information to the Government.


Akhand varni at Ram bagh - Amritsar


Close up of Shahedi bhor - Ram bhag Amritsar

 




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